Comparative law is the study of the variations and similarities of different laws of different nations and social groups. Some of these statutes include common law, canon law, socialist law, Islamic law, Jewish law, Chinese law and the Hindu law. Comparative law describes and analyses foreign legal systems to understand their constitutive elements. Recently, the study has rapidly increased on international levels and has encouraged more democracy and economic globalization. Comparative law has various disciplines, namely, constitutional law, comparative civil law, comparative administrative law, and comparative criminal law. The primary objective of comparative law is to instill a deeper understanding of the legal system in action, perfect the existing legal system and possibly contribute to the unity of various legal systems, on a small or large scale.
Sujit Choudhry is an international comparative constitutional attorney. He earned his degrees in law from the McGill University, University of Toronto, University of Oxford, and the Harvard school of law between the years 1992 and 1997. Choudhry began his career as a law clerk and worked in more than five universities as a professor of justice. He combines many research agendas with in-depth knowledge tp advice governments on constitutions. Sujit Choudhry has a history of working with Jordan, Egypt, Libya, Sri Lanka, South Africa, Nepal, Ukraine, and Tunisia. His research details how to use constitutional designs to control transitions of nations from violent conflicts to democratic states that can fit into States of federalism, secession, decentralization, semi-presidentialism, minority and group rules, and constitutional courts. Click on sujitchoudrhy.com
Sujit’s works The Migration of Constitutional Ideas, The Oxford Handbook of the Indian Constitution, Constitutional Design for Divided Societies, and Constitution-Making. Sujit serves as a member of the editorial board of the International Journal of Constitutional Law, the board of editors of the constitutional court review, and the editorial board of Cambridge Studies in Constitutional law. Based on constitutionaltransitions.org, Professor Choudhry founded the Center for Constitutional Transitions to generate and mobilize knowledge in support of the constitution’s development. Currently, the organization is managing democratic transitions of various states emerging from undemocratic rulings. Sujit is a member of the roster of the United Nations Mediation and works as a consultant to World Bank Institute and the development program of the United Nations.